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Latin America and the Caribbean: The region left behind?

Within weeks of concluding the High-Level Meeting on Universal Health Coverage UHC, we ask ourselves in this editorial if Latin America and the Caribbean have been left behind.

On September 23, 2019, the High-Level Meeting on Universal Health Coverage was held in New York City, where the member states approved a political declaration on the CUS. One of the global challenges that are marked by High Level is the limited or uneven participation of civil society, particularly that of our region. When I refer to the limited involvement, I refer to similar previous experiences with AIDS HLM or TB. Perhaps we are so used to it. Still, in specifically related meetings of some disease, civil society was able to access resources to influence: permanent missions and decision-makers in the capitals, actively participate in some previous discussions, and perhaps much more critical in UHC itself as part of a delegation with ECOSOC status or national delegations.

Regarding the region, when «the fingers of one hand have been reached to count» the participants of the region in the HLM, not only those who work in AIDS, TB, Malaria or Sexual Health and Reproductive Rights but also other diseases, including non-communicable diseases.

Why has this happened?

  • Interest: On the one hand, Universal Health Coverage has not had sufficient traction and attraction in the countries, networks, and organizations of the region. Except rarely, very few organizations have been significantly involved in the issue.
  • Governments: In most LAC countries, similar to what happened with civil society, the interest of the State was minimal, unlike other regions, which made it very difficult to achieve multisectoral meetings in the countries or access to the permanent missions. Many governments decided not to include a single civil society representative.
  • Language: This challenge is constant. Most civil society leaders do not speak English, or their fluency is limited for the understanding of documents and participation in consultations.
  • Political context: Latin America is going through a series of profound political crises that have not been seen in our country since the 1970s and 1980s. A mixture of major political mobilizations that fights administrations: with more repression an HR violations;  neo-liberal models and adjustments; the rampant and sistemic corruption exposed; macroeconomic challenges and governments changes, in a highly polarized context. This, on one hand, put civil society priorities, and work is going in another direction, and political dialogue with the government became almost nil.
  • Multilateral systems and resources: LAC have been falling short of the priority of international development cooperation agendas, and this is reflected in the limited access of funds for civil society advocacy work, as well as, in the financing of the Agencies of the UN System to facilitate these dialogues in the countries. Interest and knowledge in agencies are uneven.
  • Silos: Organizations that work in a disease or group of them do not have a tradition of coordinating efforts with other organizations and networks in different sectors; this has been once again in evidence.

Looking forward

For those of us who work in health, the 2030 agenda, the implementation of the CUS in the countries, the fulfillment of the goals of SDG 3, and our participation is crucial. The sustainability of the response to comprehensive health issues will be closely linked and related to how the Coverage is implemented in our countries. Universal Coverage is not equal to access; for them, we must take into account both aspects.
It is urgent to wake up the civil society of the region and invite them to participate actively, because the CUS is, on the one hand, the way in which our efforts in the answers to health issues can be sustainable, as a result of the mobilization of domestic resources that are also assigned to civil society for work continue their work with communities. We need not only to intensify the monitoring roles of our governments, for example, in the face of corruption, but we must demand the best and most efficient use of resources both by public services and civil society.
All this requires the development of new alliances with new actors: dialogues so far unusual and the consensus of broader and more comprehensive agendas.
The global dimension is key, as we must make national and regional challenges visible in particular in the face of the political situation facing the region, and it makes it very difficult to put issues such as health on the agenda. We have ten years ahead, but time has already begun to c pray. We invite LAC civil society organizations to join global and regional initiatives and groups, for example, in the international arena such as the Civil Society Engagement Mechanism for UHC2030, which response to CSEM’s acronym at https: / / and within the region in the virtual discussion group that we facilitate from Key Correspondents
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Acerca del autor

Javier Hourcade Bellocq

Editor responsable de Corresponsales Clave y Representante Regional de América Latina y el Caribe | Argentina
Organización:International HIV/AIDS Alliance

Javier Hourcade Bellocq es el Editor Responsable de Corresponsales Clave y trabaja en VIH desde 1987. Fue uno de los fundadores y el primer Secretario Regional de la Red Latinoamericana de Personas Viviendo con VIH (RedLa+). Desde 2003, Javier trabajó para la International HIV/AIDS Alliance (Frontline AIDS), primero como Oficial de Programas Senior a cargo del programa de la Alianza en Ecuador, y desde 2005 como Representante Regional para América Latina y el Caribe. Javier es miembro de la Delegación de las Comunidades de la Junta del Fondo Mundial y fue Miembro de la Junta del Fondo Mundial entre 2006 y 2009. Está basado en Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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